SACU

Provinces | Beijing Municipality

Previous Index Next 
beijing Chinese namebeijing ['north' 'capital']
Population16,300,000
Area16,808
CapitalBeijing
Main Industriesadministration
GDP57,277
Foreign Trade158,037
Ethnic minorities4%
Urbanization85%
Inner Mongolia Xinjiang Heilongjiang Jilin Gansu Liaoning Ningxia Qinghai Tibet Hebei Yunnan Shandong Sichuan Guangxi Shanxi Hainan Shaanxi Guangdong Chongqing Fujian Henan Guizhou Zhejiang Hunan Jiangsu Hubei Shanghai Jiangxi Beijing Anhui Tianjin

The huge city of Beijing is large enough to be treated as a province in its own right. The name literally means 'Northern Capital' and distinguishes it from Nanjing 'Southern Capital'. The capital of the country has moved around from the first unification of the country at Xian. In terms of the length of Chinese history the founding of Beijing is a late event. Only at the start of the Ming dynasty in the early 1400s did the emperor take permanent residency here, at the northern edge of the vast country close to the Great Wall.

Over the ensuing years, Beijing has taken on the trappings of a great imperial city controlling the rest of China with its palaces, parks and museums. It has now become a major industrial centre too. Traces of the grid pattern of the original Ming City plan can still be seen in places. The climate is varied, cold in Winter and hot and humid in Summer. The city is infamous for dust storms that blow in from the nearby Gobi desert in late Spring.

Tourist attractions include the Forbidden City, Summer Palace, Ming Tombs and the Great Wall at Badaling.

Forbidden City, Beijing
Forbidden City, Beijing

See also : Sacred Path to the Ming Tombs
White Pagoda in Beihai Park, Beijing
Summer Palace, Beijing
Forbidden City, Beijing
Little Red Guards cleaning a Park
Ivory Carving
Summer Palace, Beijing
Chairman Mao at a political rally

The Beijing Information Page

donate If you found this page useful please consider making a donation to keep SACU flourishing. To donate, please click here

Copyright © SACU 1965-2011. If you have any comments, updates or corrections please let us know via our Contact page.