Provinces | Hongkong Special Administrative Region

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Chinese namehongkong ['xiang gang' in pinyin: 'fragrant' 'harbour']
CapitalHong Kong
Main Industriesfinancial services, import/export
Foreign Trade-
Ethnic minorities-
Inner Mongolia Xinjiang Heilongjiang Jilin Gansu Liaoning Ningxia Qinghai Tibet Hebei Yunnan Shandong Sichuan Guangxi Shanxi Hainan Shaanxi Guangdong Chongqing Fujian Henan Guizhou Zhejiang Hunan Jiangsu Hubei Shanghai Jiangxi Beijing Anhui Tianjin

In putonghua (Mandarin), Hong Kong is called Xianggang. Xianggang means 'fragrant harbour'. Hong Kong is one of the most beautiful natural harbours in the world. The word Hong Kong derives from the Cantonese pronunciation. The people in Hong Kong are mostly speakers of Cantonese, and so it is their word for the island which became familiar in the West.

Map of Hong Kong

1839-42First Opium War between Britain and China
1841First British naval landings on Hong Kong after convention of Chuanbi
1842Hong Kong island ceded to Britain by the Treaty of Nanjing.
1856-60Second Opium War. British and French burned the Summer Palace in Beijing to the ground.
1860Kowloon Peninsula and Stonecutters Island ceded to Britain by the Treaty of Beijing.
1860-64British troops helped to suppress Taiping Rebellion.
189899 year lease on the New Territories began on 1 July 1898.
1900Boxer Rebellion suppressed by allied troops.
1925Workers' strike in Guangzhou and Hong Kong brutally suppressed by Police.
1941-45Japanese occupation of Hong Kong and New Territories.
1943USA and UK relinquished rights to extraterritoriality in China.
1946Large numbers of refugees from the Civil War in China began to enter Hong Kong.
1950Britain recognised the People's Republic of China.
1956Riots in Hong Kong involving supporters of the Communists and Nationalists (KMT or Guomindang).
1966'Star Ferry' riots in Hong Kong.
1967Riots in Hong Kong connected with the Cultural Revolution in PRC.
1972British Foreign Secretary (Douglas-Home) visited Beijing.
1973Exhibition of British technology in Beijing.
1974Prime Minister Heath visited China.
1979'Boat People' start to arrive from Vietnam.
1980'Touch-base' policy (allowing illegal immigrants from China who reached the urban areas of Hong Kong to stay) abandoned.
1982Prime Minister Thatcher visited Beijing. Peng Zhen made statement on the future of Hong Kong. Negotiations on the future of Hong Kong began.
1984Sino-British Accord on Hong Kong: Hong Kong to be a 'Special Administrative Region' of China.
1997Hong Kong, Kowloon and the New Territories returned to China from 1 July 1997.

© Copyright Society for Anglo-Chinese Understanding (SACU) 2001 reprinted from China Now 132, Page 18, 1990

See Also :
Taiwan and Macau China sage map of Hong Kong

Here are some historic photographs of Hongkong, click on the thumbnail to see the photograph in full

Hong Kong
Buddha Hill
Hong Kong

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