The Long March was a decisive event in the formation of the People's Republic of China. The map shows the movement of various Red Army units as they walked through punishing terrain from central and south-west China (including the famous Jiangxi unit) to the relative safety of the Northern state of Shaanxi. It was during this period of the Civil War (1927-1949) that Mao Zedong became the leader of the whole Red Army, he managed to quickly train and motivate peasant soldiers into an effective army fighting with guerilla tactics.
90,000 men and woman began the trip that would last over a year until October 19th 1935 of these only 20,000 survived the march. They were repeatedly attacked by Chiang Kaishek's forces who sought quite openly to exterminate them. An equally ferocious enemy was the extreme elevation and cold of the mountain passes in Sichuan.